The Awe-Inspiring Perama Cave in Ioannina

Perama Cave, located near the city of Ioannina in Greece, offers a unique underground experience. The entrance to this remarkable cave is located the area of Perama on the western slope of Mount Goritsa, providing an exceptional view of Lake Pamvotis.

With an impressive length of 1,500 meters, a maximum width of 60 meters, and a depth of 70 meters, the cave is a vast subterranean wonder to explore.

The interior of the cave is a sight to behold, adorned with stunning geological formations such as stalactites, stalagmites, curtains and columns. These intricate structures, created over thousands of years, paint a mesmerizing subterranean landscape that captivates all who venture inside.

perama cave in ioannina greece

Historical Significance and Formation

Accidentally discovered during the chaos of World War II, Perama Cave has a rich history that is as fascinating as its natural beauty. Over millions of years, the cave was formed by the erosive action of water on the limestone bedrock, resulting in its unique geological features.

The gradual deposition of minerals from water seeping through the rock led to the creation of the stunning stalactites and stalagmites that adorn the chambers of the cave. Each formation tells a story of the cave’s past, making a visit to Perama a journey through geological time.

Exploration and Mapping

Perama Cave has been thoroughly explored and mapped by the dedicated duo of John and Anna Petrocheillos. Their meticulous efforts have revealed the secrets of the cave, providing a deeper understanding of its layout and geological wonders.

Thanks to their work, the cave can now be safely navigated, allowing visitors to appreciate its beauty while learning about its formation and history. This exploration has also paved the way for informative guided tours that further enrich the visitor experience.

Fossilized Remains: A Glimpse into the Past

In 1956, a remarkable discovery was made in Perama Cave: the fossilized teeth and bones of a cave bear. These ancient remains provide invaluable insight into the prehistoric fauna that once roamed the region.

These fossils tell us about the rich biodiversity that once thrived around the cave, providing a fascinating glimpse into the past and highlighting the cave’s importance in understanding the natural history of the region.

Guided Tours and Visitor Information

Perama Cave offers guided tours led by knowledgeable guides who provide fascinating information about the cave’s geological formations and history. As visitors marvel at the intricate stalactites and stalagmites, they are transported back in time, imagining the thousands of years it took for these formations to take shape.

Murals dating back to the era when Pluto and Persephone were worshipped, have been discovered in the cave.

One of the cave’s distinguishing feature is the Cross stalagmite, a unique work of nature created when one of the stalactites which had dripped for thousands of years onto the double-pointed stalagmite below, broke off and wedged between the points, forming a cross.

cross stalagmite in perama cave of Ioannina

For a comfortable exploration experience, visitors are advised to wear comfortable shoes and bring a light jacket, as the temperature in the cave remains cool throughout the year (62 °F / 17 °C), regardless of the weather outside.

Other Caves to Explore in Ioannina, Greece

While Perama Cave is indeed a must-see, Ioannina, Greece is home to several other captivating caves, each with its own unique characteristics and geological wonders. Some of the most notable caves in the region include:

  1. Anemotrypa Cave: This cave is located in Pramanta, which is approximately 60 km from Ioannina. It is known for its impressive stalactite and stalagmite formations, as well as its underground river.
  2. Cave of Agios Arsenios in the area of Paramythia

Exploring these caves offers a chance to enjoy the natural beauty and geological diversity of Ioannina, providing even more opportunities for adventure and discovery.


Perama Cave tells us about the mysterious wonders hidden beneath the surface of Ioannina, Greece. With its awe-inspiring formations, rich history and informative guided tours, it offers an unforgettable experience for nature lovers and curious explorers alike. Embark on a journey through time and witness the breathtaking beauty that lies within the depths of this cave near the city of Ioannina.

The Perama cave in Ioannina covers an area of 14,800 sq. m, while the tourist route is 1100 metres long in total. A two-kilometre path dotted with steps and bridges crosses the cave from end to end.

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